Chameleon Species

There are many chameleon species out there and below are 11 different types of chameleons that could make great pets and are available from captive breeders.

The below articles will teach you more about chameleons including what the cost of ownership would be and more.

Jackson’s Chameleon

Jackson's Chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii)
Jackson’s Chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Trioceros jacksonii
  • Other Common Names: Jackson’s Horned Chameleon, Horned Chameleon, or Kikuyu Three-horned Chameleon
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Color: Bright green and light colors
  • Length (male): 23-33 cm
  • Length (female): 25-33 cm
  • Lifespan: 5-10 years in captivity

Carpet Chameleon

Jewelled or Carpet Chameleon (furcifer lateralis) Adult on branch
Jewelled or Carpet Chameleon (furcifer lateralis) Adult on branch
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Furcifer lateralis
  • Other Common Names: White-lined Chameleon and Jewel Chameleon
  • Length: 17-25 cm
  • Weight: At maturity males weigh 200-220 grams. While females weigh  140-160 grams
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Lifespan: The Carpet Chameleon has a lifespan in the wild of one to two years. Even in the best circumstances, these chameleons rarely live longer than three years

Panther Chameleon

Furcifer Pardalis Ambilobe (Panther Chameleon)
Furcifer Pardalis Ambilobe (Panther Chameleon)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Furcifer pardalis
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length (male): 38-53 cm
  • Length (female): 23-33 cm
  • Weight: Males weigh between 140 and 180 grams, while the females are generally between 60 and 100
  • Lifespan: About 5 years in captivity (2–3 for birthing females)

Veiled Chameleon

Veiled chameleon being handled
Veiled chameleon being handled
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Chamaeleo calyptratus
  • Other Common Names: Cone-head Chameleon and Yemen Chameleon
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length (Male): 35-60 cm
  • Length (Female): 25-33 cm (even if the female is shorter, it has a thicker body)
  • Weight (Adult Males): about 3 to 6 ounces (85 to 170 grams)
  • Weight (Adult Females): 3 to 4 ounces (85 to 118 grams)
  • Lifespan: 5 years in the wild, 6-8 years in captivity. Males live longer than females

Senegal Chameleon

Senegal Chameleon on tree (Chamaeleo senegalensis)
Senegal Chameleon on tree (Chamaeleo senegalensis)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Chamaeleo senegalensis
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length: 8-12 inches 
  • Lifespan: 5 years

Petter’s Chameleon

Petter's Chameleon on branch (Furcifer Petteri)
Petter’s Chameleon on branch (Furcifer Petteri)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Furcifer Petteri
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length: 6.3 to 7.1 inches

Fischer’s Chameleon

Two young Fischer's chameleons (Kinyongia fischeri)
Two young Fischer’s chameleons (Kinyongia fischeri)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Kinyongia fischeri
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length: 9.5 inches
  • Lifespan: 2 – 20 years

Four Horned Chameleon

Four horned chameleon on white (Trioceros quadricornis)
Four horned chameleon on white (Trioceros quadricornis)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Trioceros quadricornis
  • Other Common Names: Eisentraut’s chameleon
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length: 10 – 14 inches
  • Lifespan: 5-7 years

Oustalet’s Chameleon

Oustalet's Chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti)
Oustalet’s Chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Furcifer oustaleti
  • Other Common Names: Malagasy giant chameleon
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length: Up to 27 inches
  • Weight: 14 – 17 ounces
  • Lifespan: 5-8 years

Meller’s Chameleon

Mellers Chameleoon (Trioceros melleri)
Mellers Chameleoon (Trioceros melleri) on branch
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Trioceros melleri
  • Other Common Names: Giant one-horned chameleon
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length: 24 – 30 inches
  • Weight: up to 21 ounces
  • Lifespan: Up to 12 years

Flap Necked Chameleon

Flap necked chameleon (Chamaeleo dilepis)
Flap necked chameleon (Chamaeleo dilepis)
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Scientific Name: Chamaeleo dilepis
  • Habits: Diurnal
  • Length: Up to 14 inches 
  • Lifespan: 5-8 years
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